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Glossary of Trampoline Terms

Below is a glossary of trampoline terms where we’ve defined various trampoline parts as well as common moves performed on a trampoline.

Please note that a number of the moves should only be performed by competitive trampolinists. For safety reasons, The Trampoline Mom does not endorse or recommend them for non-competitive jumpers or for use on home trampolines.

Glossary of Common Trampoline Terms

A – C | D – E | F – G | H – L | M – O | P – R | S – U | V – Z


Adolf: front somersault with 3-1/2 twists

anchor kit: heavy-duty screws and straps that attach to a trampoline’s frame and secure it to the ground in windy conditions

anti UV-spray: spray used to protect a trampoline’s fabric from the sun and extend its life

arm set: keeping the arms in a static vertical position at take-off

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back handspring: performing a back flip onto both hands

back somersault: a backwards gymnastic move where the body rotates, head over heels in the air, and lands on the feet

barani: a forward somersault with a half twist

barrel roll: a cartwheel performed without the hands touching the mat

bed: a trampoline’s jumping surface

bounce mat: the fabric on a trampoline or rebounder’s jumping surface

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carry bag: a special bag that is designed to transport a folding rebounder or mini-trampoline

cast: to travel sideways along the jumping surface

cleat: the attachment point for two spring hooks, connecting the jump mat to the rebounder or mini-trampoline

coil: the spiral part of a trampoline’s spring that winds and unwinds as it moves to and from a trampoline’s frame

cords (bungee cord): used to secure the enclosure net to the trampoline’s frame

cover / weather cover: covering that protects the trampoline from wear and tear caused by the sun, snow, leaves, etc., in order to extend the equipment’s life

crash dive: 3/4 front somersault with a back landing

crash mat: a foam-filled mat that trainers use to provide the gymnast with a soft landing when they are learning new moves; also known as a push-in mat

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degree of difficulty: score awarded for the difficulty of a particular routine; also known as a tariff

double back: a gymnastic move that incorporates two consecutive somersaults backwards with no twist

double full: back somersault with two twists

double somersault: gymnastic move that incorporates two consecutive somersaults

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enclosure: a net and frame that surround the entire trampoline to keep jumpers inside in order to prevent injury

enclosure pole: long, cylindrical rods that support the net surrounding a trampoline

end deck: large mat that is attached to the end of the trampoline to soften the impact of an accidental fall during a routine

EnduroLast elastic cords: elastic cords used by Jumpsport Fitness trampolines to provide a smooth and quiet bounce

EnduroLast 2 elastic cords: JumpSport Fitness elastic cords, lasting over 2 million bounces

EnduroLast 4 elastic cords: JumpSport Fitness elastic cords, lasting over 4 million bounces

EnduroLast 6 elastic cords: JumpSport Fitness elastic cords, lasting over 6 million bounces

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fliffis: a gymnastic move that incorporates two consecutive somersaults with a twist

folding rebounder: a mini-trampoline with a foldable design for portability and storage

frame: the metal parts of a trampoline, sometimes made of steel or aluminum

frame pad: the padding that covers a trampoline’s springs and frame, acting as a protective shield

front handspring: performing a front flip onto both hands

full twist: jumping position where the body rotates 360 degrees for a complete rotation (along the longitudinal axis) to face the opposite direction

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gain: to travel sideways during a move


half twist: jumping position where the body rotates 180 degrees (along the longitudinal axis) to face the opposite direction


jump mat: the jumping surface of a mini-trampoline or rebounder


lazy back: 3/4 back somersault with a front landing

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mat: the jumping surface of a trampoline

mini-trampoline: a small trampoline (also called a rebounder) that is used for a low-impact workout


nets: safety mesh that surrounds a trampoline to keep jumpers inside and prevent injury


pike: positioned with legs straightened and together and body bent at hips

pole cap: attaches to the end of an enclosure pole

pole foam sleeve: foam cushion that pads the steel enclosure poles

push-in mat: a foam-filled mat that trainers use to provide the gymnast with a soft landing when they are learning new moves; also known as a crash mat

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quadriffs: a gymnastic move that incorporates a quadruple somersault with a twist


randi: front somersault with 2-1/2 twists

rebound(ing): to jump on a mini-trampoline or rebounder for fitness

rebounder: a small trampoline that is used for low-impact exercises

ropes: cords that secure the netting to the trampoline’s frame

rudi: front somersault with 1-1/2 twists

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safety pad: protective foam that covers a trampoline, guarding the jumper from the frame and springs

safety spring cover: the padding that covers a trampoline’s springs and frame, acting as a protective shield

salto: a somersault; a gymnastic move where the body rotates, head over heels in the air, and lands on the feet

seated drop: a move that starts on the feet and ends with the jumper landing in a seated position with their legs straight

set: a routine that the trampolinist is required to perform during a competition

side somersault: a cartwheel where hands do not touch the mat

somersault: a gymnastic move where the body rotates, head over heels in the air, and lands on the feet

spotter: a person who ensures that the performer doesn’t accidentally fall off the trampoline during a routine

spring holes: the slotted holes in a trampoline’s frame that hook onto a trampoline’s springs

springs: the metal coils that connect the mat to a trampoline’s rails, holding the frame and mat in place

steel: strong, hard metal used to build parts of a trampoline, such as the enclosure poles, legs and arches

straddle: a jump where legs are positioned straight out to the sides at the height of the jump

straight jump: vertical jump with body straight and arms positioned above the body at 90 degrees at start of jump

strap: secures the bottom of the net to the trampoline rail; secures the top of the net to the safety enclosure pole

synchronized trampolining: when two competitors jump in synch with one another on separate mats and perform the same moves

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tariff: score awarded for the level of difficulty in a particular routine; also called degree of difficulty

travel: moving in the same direction as rotation along the jumping surface

triple full: back somersault with three twists

tuck: body positioned with knees bent and tucked into the chest as a curled-up ball

twist: a gymnastic move with rotation around the body’s vertical axis


v-rings: V-shaped hooks that connect a trampoline’s springs to the mat

vol (voluntary): a second routine in the performance where the competitor can choose their own routine

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